UNIT 3 OF LEVEL 1A

VOCABULARY1A-U3-VOCA

V-(으)세요

DEFINITION

V-(으)세요’ is one of Sentence Endings added after a verb used to when politely asking the listener to do something or when making a request and giving direction or order. Polite though a little demanding. It is also used as Honorific Closing with verbs and adjective.

COMJUGATION

If the verb’s stem word ends with a vowel + 세요

오다 → 오세요

주다 → 주세요

만나다→ 만나세요

모르다 → 모르세요 [‘르’ irregular]

기다리다 → 기다리세요

If the verb’s stem word ends with a consonant + 으세요

읽다 → 읽으세요 (일그세요)*

앉다 → 앉으세요 (안즈세요)

열다→ 여세요 [‘ㄹ’irregular]

듣다→ 들으세요 [‘ㄷ’ irregular]**

낫다 → 나으세요 [‘ㅅ’ irregular]

줍다 → 주우세요 [‘ㅂ’ irregular]

* (   ) are the pronunciation caused by Sound Shift.

** [   ] are the Irregular Conjugation.

EXAMPLES

학교에 늦으니까 빨리 가세요.Please make a hurry to go to school or you’re late.

여기요! 김밥 주세요. Hello! Give me Gimbap please.

더우니까 창문을 여세요. Please open the window because it’s so hot.

오늘은 피곤하니까 좀 쉬세요. Why don’t you have a break it’s very tiring today.

N하고

DEFINITION

This is one of particles expressing the list of various ‘NOUNS’ such as things or people and correspond to ‘and‘ in English. It is colloquial expression commonly used in everyday conversation. It strictly connects nouns only. So connecting sentence should use ‘그리고’instead.

N하고

EXAMPLES

콜라 한 병하고 주스 두 잔 주세요.  Please give me a bottle of cola and two glasses of juice.

오렌지 한 개하고 사과 세 개 주세요. Please give me two oranges and three apples.

OTHERS

It is an interrogative that means ‘how many or much?’ Especially this is used in asking about nothing but numbers. It typically combines with Counting Units to make a question.

몇

한, 둘, 셋…

This is one of Korean numbering systems originated from ancestral Korean, which can count until 99 and beyond 99, Sino-Korean number should be used. This number is particularly used for counting people or things. ‘하나, 둘, 셋, 넷…. ‘is inserted before the counted noun on the contrary to English.  CLICK HERE : https://app.box.com/s/uw268sexuv4x69a5mwiw

KOREAN NUMBERCOUNTING UNITSMost Commonly Used Counting Units

HOMEWORK

Create 5 sentences using , Sentence Ending ‘V-()세요’.

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Create 3sentences using, particle, ‘하고’.

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Vocabulary Practice :https://app.box.com/s/y0a2uzho87nb2v3juczt

Sentence Ending ‘V-()세요’ Practice :https://app.box.com/s/bxy7l8p9qvnwi9gvzrqe

Korean Number list practicehttps://app.box.com/s/qni7z9ksejuda012y6xx

StudyBookListening: https://app.box.com/s/ssia4vggd4glixekkmkr

WorkBookListening: https://app.box.com/s/objo6azbfx31kfiktmjb

 

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