UNIT 8 OF LEVEL 1B

VOCABULARY1B-U8-VACA

N이:가N에있다없다

DEFINITION

‘있다/없다’indicates ‘possession’ with the subject particle ‘이/가’such as ‘시계가 있어요’ that means ‘I have a watch’. However,when a location noun is added with ‘a location particle, 에’as is ‘가방에 시계가 있어요’meaning ‘There is a watch in the bag’, ‘있다/없다’denotes ‘existence’.

N이가 N에 있다없다

* The order of the subject ‘N이/가’ and place ‘N에’ in the sentence can be changed without changing the meaning.

옷장이 방에 있어요.      =   방에 옷장이 있어요.         There is a closet in the room.

학생이 교실에 있어요. =   교실에 학생이 있어요.    There are students in the class room. 

** ‘N이/가’ can be sometimes replaced with N은/는. Especially when used the same pattern sentences as below consecutively, N은/는 sounds more natural after the first time. In this case, ‘N은/는’ as in this following sentences is not only used as a subject but also indicates or implies contrasting, emphasizing and specifying the subject in the second sentence. 

A : 은행이  어디에 있어요? Where is the bank?

B : 은행은  1층에 있어요. It’s on the first floor.

A : 화장실은  어디에 있어요?  Where is the restroom?

B : 2층에 있어요. It’s on the second floor.

N(으)로

DEFINITION

It is one of particles expressing directions (toward a place). It means ‘to’ or ‘toward’ in English. It often comes with the movement verbs such as ‘가다’or ‘오다’.Location particle ‘에’is similar to this and both can be used as the same way but one exception.

N(으)로

* If the noun ends with a vowel + 로 :

학교 → 학교로

세탁소 → 세탁소로

If the noun ends with a consonant + 으로 :

앞 → 앞으로

우체국 → 우체국으로

If the noun ends with ‘ㄹ’ + 로 :

교실 → 교실로

길 → 길로

** When used with the specific places such as ‘서울역, 집, 교실’, there is little difference between ‘N 으로 가다/오다’ and ‘N에 가다/오다’. However, for the nouns which simply show positionssuch as ‘앞, 뒤,옆, 왼쪽, 오른쪽… ‘, only the ‘N 으로 가다/오다’ pattern can be used.

N까지

DEFINITION

It is one of particles, located after a place noun, which means ‘until the end of a certain range’. ‘에서’is used for describing the starting point of a place, whereas ‘부터’is used for the starting point of time.

N까지

EXAMPLES

지하철역까지 십분 걸려요. It takes 10minutes to the subway station.

제주도까지 얼마나 걸려요?How long does it take to Jeju Island?

집에서 학교까지 한 시간 걸려요     it takes one hour to school.

여기() 은행까지 얼마나 걸려요?   How long does it take to the bank from here?

오늘부터 한국어를 배워요.I will study Korean from today.

월요일부터 금요일까지 회사에 가요.I go to work from Monday to Friday.

HOMEWORK

Create 4 sentences using , ‘N/가 있다/없다’.

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Create 4 sentences using, ‘N()로 가다/오다’.

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Create 4 sentences using, particle ‘N-까지’.

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Vocabulary Practice :https://app.box.com/s/ypp14ozqxlt6p8w0sc9o

StudyBookListening:https://app.box.com/s/beqnfxy0wpo2lwvd17js

WorkBookListening:https://app.box.com/s/kmyz2f6q1ifmnjwspour

 

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