UNIT 4 OF 2A

VOCABULARY2A-U4-VACA

V(으)ㄹ거예요

DEFINITION

It is Sentence Ending,attached after verbs,which indicates the subject’s future plans or intentions that is equivalent with the English modal verbs such as ‘will’ or ‘be going to’. Also, the expression changes its Sentence Closing to Honorific in the situation where the speaker feels ‘should respect one who speaks to’

CONJUGATION

Normal Closing

If the verb stem ends with a vowel + -ㄹ 거예요:

가다 → 갈 거예요

오다 → 올 거예요

주다 → 줄 거예요

기다리다 → 기다릴 거예요

If the verb stem ends with a consonant + 을 거예요 :

먹다 → 먹을 거예요

읽다 → 읽을 거예요

앉다 → 앉을 거예요

찍다 → 찍을 거예요

Honorific Closing  

If the verb stem ends with a vowel + -실 거예요:

가다 →가실 거예요

오다 →  오실 거예요

주다 → 주실 거예요

기다리다 → 실 거예요

If the verb stem ends with a consonant + 으실 거예요 :

먹다 → 먹으실 거예요(X) → 드실 거예요(O)

읽다 → 읽으실 거예요(일그실)

앉다 → 앉으실 거예요(안즈실)

찍다 → 찍으실 거예요(찌그실)

V-(으)ㄹ 거예요1

EXAMPLES

[Normal closing]

내일 백화점에 갈 거예요.  I’m going to go to the department store tomorrow.

주말에 책을 읽을 거예요.  I will read a book on the weekend.

A : 내일 뭐 할 거예요?  What are you going to do tomorrow?

B : 집에서 쉴 거예요.  I am going to rest at home.

[Honorific closing]

아버지는 내일 병원에 가실 거예요. My father is going to  go to the hospital tomorrow.

어머니는 내일 한복을 입으실 거예요.  My mother will wear Hanbok tomorrow.

A : 선생님, 주말에 뭘 하실 거예요?  Sir/Ma’am, What are you going to do on the weekend?

B : 친구를 만날 거예요.  I am going to meet my friend.

V(으)ㄹ 거예요2

N(으)로

DEFINITION

This is one of Particles combined with a noun indicating the means and methods as ‘by’ or ‘by use of’ in English.

N(으)로

V-(으)면

DEFINITION

It is a Conjunctive Ending combined with a verb and an adjective and makes a conditional and assumptive clause respectively as ‘If~’ with the future tense ending, ‘(으)ㄹ 거예요’ or a time clause as ‘when~’ with the present tense, ‘아/어요’and connects main clause. The former denotes generally a condition for doinga certain action orbecoming a certain state but the latter more likely describes a routine activities.

CONJUGATION

If the verb or adjective stem ends with a vowel + -면:

가다 → 가면

오다 → 오면

주다 → 주면

비싸다 → 비싸면

기다리다 → 기다리면

If the verb or adjective stem ends with a consonant + -으면:

먹다 → 먹으면(머그면)

읽다 → 읽으면(일그면)

앉다 → 앉으면(안즈면)

찍다 → 찍으면(찌그면)

좋다 → 좋으면(조으면)

V(으)면

EXAMPLES

시험이 끝나면 여행을갈거예요.  I am going to take a trip when the test is over.

시간이 있으면 영화를봐요.  I watch movies when I have time.

추우면 코트를 입으세요.  Put on a coat if you are cold.

N한테

DEFINITION

It is one of Particles added to a noun representing an action takes place to people or other living creatures and from people or other living creatures”. So as is mentioned that, ‘한테’attached mostly after a noun indicates the noun combined with ‘한테’ is a recipient or a target of an action and a provider or a source of an action. In case, an action takes place to or from things or concepts, is applied.

N한테

* 께’is the same meaning as ‘한테’but is used for honorific use so it is applied when mentioning one who one want to respect.

** ‘에게’ is the same meaning as ‘한테’but is used rather for the written than the spoken.

HOMEWORK

Create 3 sentences using , ‘V-()ㄹ 거예요’.

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Create 3 sentences using, ‘V-()실 거예요’.

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Create 3 sentences using,‘N()’.

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Create 3 sentences using, ‘A/V-()’.

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Create 3 sentences using, ‘한테’.

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Vocabulary Practice :https://app.box.com/s/anwb3urelhu3zr839poj

V-(으)ㄹ 거예요 :https://app.box.com/s/6chlqspswu8qzfiivlrg

V-(으)실 거예요 :https://app.box.com/s/6lkvliaask2i9ur2up70

A/V-(으)면 :https://app.box.com/s/67tmz2p87twct5ro11ii

StudyBookListening:https://app.box.com/s/krkejkppyrxzdpm1alr1

WorkBookListening:https://app.box.com/s/rnplte5tytc4qvmvvr8w

 

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