UNIT 5 OF 2A

VOCABULARY2A-U5-VACAV(으)ㄹ수있다

DEFINITION

It is Sentence Endings added after verbs used to express possibility and ability. It is equivalent with ‘can’ in English.

CONJUGATION

Normal Closing

If the verb’s stem ends with a vowel + ㄹ 수 있다

가다 → 갈 수 있다

오다 → 올 수 있다

쓰다 → 쓸 수 있다

하다 → 할 수 있다

마시다 → 마실 수 있다

If the verbends with a consonant + 을 수 있다

먹다 → 먹을 수 있다

읽다 → 읽을 수 있다

닦다 → 닦을 수 있다

앉다 → 앉을 수 있다

Honorific Closing

If the verb’s stem ends with a vowel + 있다

가다 → 가실 수 있다

오다 → 오실 수 있다

쓰다 → 쓰실 수 있다

하다 → 하실 수 있다

마시다 → 드실 수 있다 **

If the verbends with a consonant + 으실있다

먹다 → 드실 수 있다 **

읽다 → 읽으실 수 있다

닦다 → 닦으실 수 있다

앉다 → 앉으실 수 있다

** 드시다is the honorific verb for 먹다’,마시다.

V-(으)ㄹ 수 있다1V-(으)ㄹ 수 있다2

** ‘V-(으)ㄹ 수 없다’shouldn’t be used for expressing ‘inability’ of the person.

** I know how to do but cannot do now because a certain condition doesn’t allow me to do.

V-(으)ㄹ 수 있다3

EXAMPLES

작년에 한국어를 배웠어요,. 그래서 한국말을잘 할 수 있어요. I learned Korean last year so Ican speak very well.

오늘은 시간이 없어서 공부할 수 없어요. I cannot study today because I don’t have time.

A : 테니스를 칠 수 있어요? Can you play tennis?

B : 네, 칠 수 있어요 . Yes, I can. / 아니요, 못 쳐요 No, I can’t

A : 김치를 먹을 수 있어요? Can you eat Kimchi?

B : 네 먹을 수 있어요. Yes I can. / 아니요, 못 먹어요 No, I can’t

AV데요

DEFINITION

It isa Sentence Ending often used when the speaker has something to add or expect a certain response from the listener and mostly as a way of answering. It’s more frequently used in spoken language and sounds more polite than ‘-아요/어요’.

CONJUGATION

In case of Adjective

If the adjective stem word ends with a vowel + -ㄴ 데요 : 

싸다 → 싼데요

바쁘다 → 바쁜데요

나쁘다 → 나쁜데요

비싸다 → 비싼데요

If the adjective stem word ends with a consonant + -은데요 : 

작다 → 작은데요

덥다 → 더운데요 [‘ㅂ’irregular]

달다 → 단데요  [‘ㄹ’irregular]

괜찮다 → 괜찮은데요

In case of Verb

Remove suffix ‘다’ and combine with ‘-는데요’ 

가다 → 가는데요

먹다 → 먹는데요

읽다 → 읽는데요

만들다 → 만드는데요 [‘ㄹ’irregular]

In case of N-이다

If the noun ends with a vowel + ㄴ데요 : 의사 의산데요

If the noun ends with a consonant + 인데요 : 선생님 선생님인데요

In case of ‘있다/없다

Although ‘있다’ and ‘없다’ are considered as adjectives, they are added the sentence ending ‘-는데요’ which is used for verbs. 

맛있다          맛있는데요 

재미없다      재미없는데요 

AV데요

EXAMPLES

가방이 좀 비싼데요. The bag is a little expensive for me.

A : 김치가 아주 매운데요. 괜찮아요? Are you ok with kimchi because it is very spicy.

B : 괜찮아요. It’s fine.

A : 지금 뭐 해요? What are you doing now?

B : 밥을 먹는데요. I am eating, [what can I do for you?]

A : 미국 사람이지요? Are you American?

B : 아니요, 캐나다 사람인데요. No, I am Canadian.

A : 영화가 어때요? How is the movie?

B : 아주 재미있는데요. It’s very interesting.

V고싶다

DEFINITION

It is Sentence Ending expressing the ‘wish’ or ‘hope’ of the speaker and corresponds to ‘want to’ in English. However, when the one who talks about another person(The 3rd Person), V-고 싶어 하다’ should be used.

CONJUGATION

Conjugation for the 1st & 2nd person

Remove suffix ‘다’ and combine with ‘고 싶어요’ 

가다 → 가고 싶어요

오다 → 오고 싶어요

먹다 → 먹고 싶어요

읽다 → 읽고 싶어요

앉다 → 앉고 싶어요

닦다 → 닦고 싶어요

마시다 → 마시고 싶어요

Conjugation for the 3rd person

Remove suffix ‘다’ and combine with ‘고 싶어 요’ 

가다 → 가고 싶어 해요

오다 → 오고 싶어 해요

먹다 → 먹고 싶어 해요

읽다 → 읽고 싶어 해요

앉다 → 앉고 싶어 해요

닦다 →닦고 싶어 해요

마시다 → 마시고 싶어 해요

V고싶다

EXAMPLES

마시고 싶어요? What would you like to drink?

A : 뭘 먹고 싶어요? What would you like to eat?

B : 한국 음식을 먹고 싶어요. I’d like to have Korean food.

애니 씨는 커피를 마시고 싶어해요. Annie wants to drink a cup of coffee.

마이클은 한국어를 배우고 싶어해요. Michael Wants to learn Korean.

N동안

DEFINITION

It denotes the duration of events or states like English preposition ‘for’. Thus any sort of nouns related to time are attached before ‘동안’.

N동안

EXAMPLES

내일부터 일주일동안 미국을 여행할 거예요. From tomorrow I am going to travel around the US.

A : 얼마동안 계실 거예요? For how are you going to stay?

B : 삼일동안 있을 거예요. I am going to stay for three days.

N부터

DEFINITION

It is one of particles, located after a time noun, which means ‘starting point of time. Meanwhile ‘에서’is used for describing the starting point of a place. So it is ‘까지’used to describe the ending point of times and places.

N부터

EXAMPLES

오전 9시부터 오후 5시까지 일해요  . I work from 9am to 5 pm.

어제부터 집에서 쉬었어요. I have been resting at home since yesterday.

HOMEWORK

Create 3 sentences using , ‘V-()ㄹ 수 있다’.

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Create 2 sentences using, ‘A-()ㄴ 데요’.

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Create 2 sentences using, ‘V-는데요’.

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Create 3 sentences using,‘V-고 싶다’.

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Create 3 sentences using, ‘N동안’.

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Create 3 sentences using, ‘N부터’.

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Vocabulary Practice : https://app.box.com/s/l7hxmg47ux9uwvalbvaj

‘V-(으)ㄹ 수 있다 : https://app.box.com/s/k3ohjd8izvtvz7s8mfv2

A-(으)ㄴ 데요 /V-는데요 : https://app.box.com/s/f4lmfqsyhidbbmk0mjoc

V-고 싶다 : https://app.box.com/s/6o5jh003q33npt8nb22t

StudyBookListening https://app.box.com/s/6kkjk9lb03na1qieqg2t

WorkBookListening https://app.box.com/s/qeh94kznt1btfzxgmchu

 

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