UNIT 7 OF 2B

VOCABULARY2B-U7-VACAㅡIRREGULAR

DEFINITION

‘ㅡ’Irregular conjugation occurs inverbsand adjectiveswhen it is added before an sentence or conjunctive ending that begin with ‘어/아’ conjugation such as ‘아/어요,‘았/었어요’or ‘아야/어야 되다’.However, for conjugations starting with other than ‘/conjugation, it doesn’t have any irregularity.

ㅡIRREGUALRN도

DEFINITION

This is one of Particles used to express the meaning of ‘also’. It occasionallycombines with other particles. In case that it merges with particle as ‘에’‘or ’하고’, they come together like ‘에도’or ‘하고도’.But with object ‘을/를’and subject particle‘이/가’,they are omitted and only ‘ ‘도’is used.

N도

EXAMPLES

A : 어디가 아파요? Where does it hurt?

B : 머리가 아파요. 그리고 배도 아파요. I have a headache and I have a stomachache, too.

A : 어제 뭘 샀어요? What did you buy yesterday?

B : 옷을 샀어요. 그리고 구두도 샀어요. I bought some clothes and I bought shoes, too.

AV(으)니까

DEFINITION

It is aConjunctive Ending meant ‘because’, ‘since’ or ‘so’. However, different from ‘-아서/어서’,it is only used when you ask (V-세요), request (V-아/어 주세요), suggest (V-까요?) or recommend (V-아/어 보세요) something because you have a reason to.

CONJUGATION

If the verb or adjective stem ends with a vowel + -니까:

가다 →가니까

마시다 →마시니까

보내다 → 보내니까

나쁘다 →나쁘니까

이상하다 →이상하니까

If the verb or adjective stem ends with a consonant + -으니까:

먹다 → 먹으니까

잇다 → 이으니까  [‘ㅅ’ irregular]

걷다 → 걸으니까 [‘ㄷ’ irregular]

알다 → 아니까 [‘ㄹ’ irregular]

무겁다 → 무거우니까 [‘ㅂ’irregular]

AV(으)니까1AV(으)니까2V지마세요

DEFINITION

It is a Sentence Ending with honorific closing used when requesting, indicating or ordering politely the listener not to do something meaning in English “Please do not (do)”. It also, is the negative form of ‘V-(으)세요’ which expresses “Please do~’”.

CONJUGATION

Remove suffix ‘다’ and combine with ‘지 마세요’ :  

오다 → 오지 마세요

먹다 → 먹지 마세요

읽다 → 읽지 마세요

앉다 → 앉지 마세요

닦다 → 닦지 마세요

마시다 → 마시지 마세요

V지마세요

** ‘마세요’s basic form is ‘말다’that means stopping doing something. It is used as an ordinary verb but mostly used as auxiliary verb which combines with other verbs to help to give additional meaning.

EXAMPLES

날씨가 추우니까 밖에 나가지 마세요. Since it is cold, please don’t go outside.

미술관에서는 사진을 찍지 마세요. Do not take a photo in the museum.

HOMEWORK

Create 3 sentences using ,Irregular verbs & adjectives.

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

Create 3 sentences using , ‘N’.

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

Create 3 sentences using, ‘A/V-()니까’.

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

Create 3 sentences using,‘V-지 마세요’.

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

 

Vocabulary Practice : https://app.box.com/s/iayer4ef6rq6ty4g3rte

A/V-(으)니까 : https://app.box.com/s/fdt156n2u7fsho3t1wek

V-지 마세요 : https://app.box.com/s/8a8uq54lnvvwv2egmz8y

StudyBookListening:https://app.box.com/s/6vt8kxyl128mosffj8s0

WorkBookListening: https://app.box.com/s/8abe0h9tb39sxcukgavt

 

8

Join the discussion