UNIT 2 OF LEVEL 4A

VOCABULARY 4A-U2-VACA

V(으)려고하다

DEFINITION

It is a Sentence Ending added to a verb to indicate that someone has an intention or a plan to do something but has not made any action yet and something is about to happen or occur. it is similar to ‘plan to’ or ‘be about to’ in English.

CONJUGATION

If the verb stem ends with a vowel + -려고 하다 : 

내다 → 내려고 하다

나오다 → 나오려고 하다

모으다 → 모으려고 하다

떨어지다 → 떨어지려고 하다

물어보다 → 물어보려고 하다

사과하다 → 사과하려고 하다

If the verb stem ends with a consonant + -으려고 하다 : 

갚다 → 갚으려고 하다

걸다 → 걸으려고 하다

팔다 → 팔려고 하다 [‘ㄹ’ irregular]

듣다 → 들으려고 하다 [‘ㄷ’ irregular]

눕다 → 누우려고 하다 [‘ㅂ’ irregular]

짓다 → 지으려고 하다 [‘ㅅ’ irregular]

V(으)려고하다

V(으)면서

DEFINITION

It is a Conjunctive Ending added to a verb and used to indicate that the two actions in the preceding clause [the first clause] and the following clause [the second clause] happen simultaneously. It means ‘while’ in English.

CONJUGATION

If the verb stem ends with a vowel + -면서 : 

내다 → 내면서

나오다 → 나오면서

모으다 → 모으면서

떨어지다 → 떨어지면서

물어보다 → 물어보면서

사과하다 → 사과하면서

If the verb stem ends with a consonant + -으면서 : 

갚다 → 갚으면서

걸다 → 걸으면서

팔다 → 팔면서 [‘ㄹ’ irregular]

듣다 → 들으면서 [‘ㄷ’ irregular]

눕다 → 누우면서 [‘ㅂ’ irregular]

짓다 → 지으면서 [‘ㅅ’ irregular]

V(으)면서
EXAMPLES

저는 운전하면서 항상 음악을 듣습니다. I always listen to music while driving.

친구와 같이 점심을 먹으면서 여행에 대해 이야기했어요. My friend and I talked about the trip while having lunch together.

A : 애니 씨, 공부하면서 음악 들어요? Annie, do you listen to music while studying?

B : 아니요, 안 듣는데요. No, I don’t. What about it?

V(으)면되다

DEFINITION

It is a Sentence Ending added to a verb and used to express ‘to be okay or alright’ to do or ‘to be enough’ to do something or ‘no problem’to do in a certain way. it is often made use of suggesting a simple and easy solution.

CONJUGATION

If the verb stem ends with a vowel + -면 되다

내다 → 내면 되다

나오다 → 나오면 되다

모으다 → 모으면 되다

떨어지다 → 떨어지면 되다

물어보다 → 물어보면 되다

사과하다 → 사과하면 되다

If the verb stem ends with a consonant + -으면 되다

갚다 → 갚으면 되다

걸다 → 걸으면 되다

팔다 → 팔면 되다 [‘ㄹ’ irregular]

듣다 → 들으면 되다 [‘ㄷ’ irregular]

눕다 → 누우면 되다 [‘ㅂ’ irregular]

짓다 → 지으면 되다 [‘ㅅ’ irregular]

V(으)면 되다1 V(으)면되다2

EXAMPLES

집 앞에서 택시를 타면 돼요. It’s okay if I take a taxi in front of the house.

이 약을 먹으면 돼요. You’ll be alright if you take this pill.

A : 컴퓨터가 이상해, 고장 난 것 같아. There’s something wrong with the computer. I think it’s broken down.

B :걱정하지마. 서비스 센터에 전화하면 돼. Don’t worry about it. it can be fine if you call the service center.

AV잖아요

DEFINITION

It is the Sentence Ending added to a verb for reminding others what they have already known or correcting someone’s remark which has been told before now. It comes from originally ‘-A/V- 지 않다’ which is to make the negative sentence but now, it is used as quite different from its original form.

CONJUGATION

In Cases of Verbs & Adjectives

Remove Suffix ‘다’ and combine with ‘-잖아(요)’  

가다 →  가잖아(요)

오다 → 오잖아(요)

먹다 → 먹잖아 (요)

읽다 → 읽잖아(요)

마시다 → 마시잖아 (요)

예쁘다 → 예쁘잖아(요)

맵다 →  맵잖아 (요)

있다  → 있잖아(요)

In Cases of이다

If the noun ends with a vowel + – 잖아요: 

학교 → 학교잖아요

시계 → 시계잖아요

김치 → 김치잖아요

If the noun ends with a consonant + -이잖아요 : 

학생 → 학생이잖아요

장갑 → 장갑이잖아요

집 → 집이잖아요

AV잖아요

EXAMPLES

A : 지하철을 타는게 어때요? What about taking the subway?

B :이 시간에는 지하철이 복잡하잖아요? You know that it’s crowded at this time.

A : 커피숍에서 만날까요? Should we meet inside of coffee shop?

B : 요즘 날씨가 춥잖아요. you know that it’s cold these days.

A : 저 식당에 갈까? Should we go to that restaurant?

B : 가지 말자. 지난 번에 갔는데 맛없었잖아. Let’s not. Don’t you remember that it wasn’t good last time.

A : 다른 영화를 보자. Let’s see another movie.

B : 이거 전에 본 영화잖아. Don’t remember that we have seen it before?

A : 왜 케이크를 샀어? Why did you buy a cake?

B : 오늘 네 생일이잖아. You don’t know? It’s your birthday today?

V-(으)려고

DEFINITION

It is a Conjunctive Ending added to a verb and express purpose for the certain action to do. ‘in order to’ is the similar expression in English.

CONJUGATION

If the verb stem ends with a vowel + -려고: 

내다 → 내려고

나오다 → 나오려고

모으다 → 모으려고다

떨어지다 → 떨어지려고

물어보다 → 물어보려고

사과하다 → 사과하려고

If the verb stem ends with a consonant + -으려고: 

갚다 → 갚으려고

걸다 → 걸으려고

팔다 → 팔려고 [‘ㄹ’ irregular]

듣다 → 들으려고 [‘ㄷ’ irregular]

눕다 → 누우려고 [‘ㅂ’ irregular]

짓다 → 지으려고 [‘ㅅ’ irregular]

V(으)려고

EXAMPLES

비행기표를 사려고 은행에서 돈을 찾았어요. I withdrew the money at the back to buy airplane ticket.

주말에 읽으려고 한국 역사책을 한 권 샀어요. I bought a Korean history book to read during the weekend.

A : 왜 한국말을 배워요? Why are you learning Korean?

B : 한국 회사에 취직하려고 배워요. I am learning it to get a job in a Korean company.

HOMEWORK

Create 3 sentences using , ‘V-()려고 하다’.

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Create 3 sentences using, ‘V-()면서’.

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Create 3 sentences using , ‘V-()면 되다’.

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Create 2 sentences using,‘AV-잖아요’.

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Create 2 sentences using,‘V-(으)려고’.

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Create 3 sentences using, ‘Irregular.

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Vocabulary Practice :https://app.box.com/s/3qnwft2f6jnyw5fb5rr0

V-(으)려고 하다 :https://app.box.com/s/mfy223j46w6gm63rv6w0

V-(으)면서 :https://app.box.com/s/q7eq3g9rx2l0jqiv205t

V-(으)면 되다 :https://app.box.com/s/5v79sxysdy62cjuytf0v

AV-잖아요 :https://app.box.com/s/x6q06nlkb6qcyonvhx6g

V-(으)려고 :https://app.box.com/s/an2ea6svsv10hy2r9klm

StudyBookListening:https://app.box.com/s/y9gqr9t6vrwu55kx5pjs

WorkBookListening:https://app.box.com/s/lmrpc4n2pm65cjr4n91n

 

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