UNIT 4 OF LEVEL 3B

VOCABULARY3B-U4-VACA

V는

DEFINITION

This is called Modifier used to modify or describe a noun, a person or a thing using a verb in order to give extra information about them. in the Present Tense, add –는 to the verb stem and place it before the noun.

CONJUGATION

Remove suffix ‘다’ and combine with ‘는’

가다 → 가는

오다 → 오는

먹다 → 먹는

읽다 → 읽는

앉다 → 앉는

닦다 → 닦는

마시다 → 마시는

V는1

EXAMPLES

크리스씨가 먹는 음식은 비빔밥이에요. The food that Chris is eating is Bibimbap.

미사코씨가 좋아하는 노래는 ‘사랑’이에요. The song that Misako loves is ‘Friend’.

A : 저기 오는 사람이 누구예요? Who is the man coming?

B : 마이클이에요. It’s Michael.

Modifiers

DEFINITION

Normally using adjectives when we need to give additional information or describe nouns,. However, sometimes, we use verbs for describing nouns as well. In that case, verbs conjugate to their shapes to modify nouns and the ones conjugated are called Modifier. Modifiers using verbs conjugate their shapes by time tenses as well. Here below picture is Modifier for Present tense.

V는2

A게

DEFINITION

There is one more function that adjectives do besides, used as ‘Sentence Ending’ and functioned to modify or describe the state or characteristic of the noun which called ‘Noun Modifier’. On the contrary, ‘A –게’ is added to an adjective stems and placed in front of verbs and other adjectives and give additional information.By adding –게, to an adjective stem after removing ‘다’, the Adjective functions as an Adverb.

CONJUGATION

Remove suffix ‘다’ and combine with ‘게’ :

싸다 → 싸게

맵다 → 맵게

작다 → 작게

좋다 → 좋게

나쁘다 → 나쁘게

A게

EXAMPLES

오늘은 날씨가 추우니까 따뜻하게 입으세요. It’s cold today, so put on some warm clothes

크리스씨는 재미있게 이야기를 해요. Chris is a good talkers.

마이클씨는 항상 맛있게 음식을 먹어요. Michael always eat food tastily.

V(으)러가다오다

DEFINITION

It is one of the Sentence Endings used for expressing the purpose of movement such as going(가다) or coming(오다) to a place. It is similar to ‘English expression “~go / come in order to do something”.

CONJUGATION

If the verb stem ends with a vowel + -러 가다/오다 : 

주다 → 주러 가다/오다

쓰다 → 쓰러 가다/오다

마시다 → 마시러 가다/오다

공부하다 → 공부하러 가다/오다

If the verb stem ends with a consonant + -으러 가다/오다 : 

먹다 → 먹으러 가다/오다

읽다 → 읽으러 가다/오다

듣다 → 들으러 가다/오다 [‘ㄷ’Irregular]

줍다 → 주우러 가다/오다 [‘ㅂ’Irregular]

만들다 → 만들러 가다/오다 [‘ㄹ’Irregular]

AV(으)러가다오다N처럼

DEFINITION

This is one of the Particles describing something that is the same or similar to in a shape or a state with the noun. It correspond to ‘like’ ‘as’ or ‘as if’ in English.

N처럼

** it is used with the noun attached after it, however, it is not used with the sentence ending ‘이에요/예요’ .

어떤N

DEFINITION

it is one of interrogatives used when asking about the kinds or characteristics of something or someone. It is correspond its meaning with ‘what kind of~’ or ‘what sort of~’ in English. It comes from adjective ‘어떻다’that transform to, based on the role in the sentence structure, such as 어떻게, 어때요and 어떤.

어떤N1

어떤N2

V(으)ㄹ게요

DEFINITION

It is one of Sentence Endings used in the first person’s statement to express the speaker’s decision or intention to another person and in fact it is often used when the speaker make a promise to do something with the other person. it also simply denotes speaker’ s will either. however, It cannot be used in a question and the statements expressed by the second and the third person.

CONJUGATION

If the verb stem ends with a vowel + ㄹ게요 : 

주다 → 줄게요

쓰다 → 쓸게요

마시다 → 마실게요

공부하다 → 공부할게요

If the verb stem ends with a consonant + 을게요 : 

먹다 → 먹을게요

묻다 → 물을게요 [‘ㄷ’Irregular]

돕다 → 도울게요 [‘ㅂ’ Irregular]

팔다 → 팔게요 [‘ㄹ’Irregular]

V(으)ㄹ게요

EXAMPLES

오늘은 제가 밥값을 낼게요. I will pay for the meal today.

누가 노래를 할 거예요? Who‘ s going to sing?

제가할게요. I will.

HOMEWORK

Create 3 sentences using , ‘V-N’.

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

Create 3 sentences using, ‘A-’.

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

Create 3 sentences using,‘V-()러 가다/오다’.

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

Create 3 sentences using,‘N처럼’.

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

Create a sentence using ‘어떤 N.

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

Create a sentence using ‘V-(으)ㄹ게요’.

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

 

Vocabulary Practice : https://app.box.com/s/bdprva3276h8t6uit7qg

V-N : https://app.box.com/s/gbcq4vxyliejztfze3qf

A- : https://app.box.com/s/n4kehi6plhdn7z1l0qwu

V-()러 가다/오다 : https://app.box.com/s/t884j08isvlvtpm560ob

V-(으)ㄹ게요 : https://app.box.com/s/n9p3m6rq7bw0y82n7fmk

StudyBookListening: https://app.box.com/s/6wsu9bpmati6lxygjsfl

WorkBookListening: https://app.box.com/s/4kvn81t7nqmvuh8k34zt

 

8

Join the discussion