UNIT 5 OF LEVEL 3B

VOCABULARY3B-U5-VACA 13B-U5-VACA 2

AV아어

DEFINITION

Low Closing called ‘Banmal [반말]’ is one of the Sentence Closing, which makes your tones of speaking informal and intimate and naturally used only among those who have a close relationship each other. It will be impolite or rude when you use it to people who are not close enough to you. To form this expression, just take ‘요’ away from ‘’아요/어요/해요’ which represents Present tense . Also, this form can be used for imperative sentence.

CONJUGATION

In cases of verbs and adjectives

Normal Expression

If verb or adjective ends with ‘ㅏ’ or ‘ㅗ’ + -아 :                                            

사다 → 사

하얗다 → 하얘 [‘ㅎ’Irregular]

바쁘다 → 바빠

모르다 → 몰라

In all other cases(‘ㅓ’,’ㅜ’,’ㅡ’,’ㅣ’), add ‘-어 ’ :                                         

입다 → 입어

덥다 → 더워

마시다 →마셔

예쁘다 → 예뻐

If verb or adjective ends with ‘하다’, → 해 :                                          

하다 → 해

일하다 → 일해

이상하다 → 이상해

빨래하다 → 빨래해

Honorific Expression

** used when the 1st person and the 2nd person who are good to use 반말’,low expression each other talk about someone who they need to use Honorific Expression.

 If the verb stem ends with a vowel +  

가다 → 가셔

오다 → 오셔

부르다 → 부르셔

계시다 → 계셔

If the verb stem ends with a consonant + 으셔 

알다 → 아셔 [‘ㄹ’Irregular]

걷다 → 걸으셔  [‘ㄷ’Irregular]

짓다 → 지으셔 [‘ㅅ’Irregular]

찍다 → 찍으셔

In cases of  이다

If the noun ends with a vowel + -야:   

학교 → 학교야

시계 → 시계야

김치 → 김치야

If the noun ends with a consonant + -이야 :   

학생 → 학생이야

장갑 → 장갑이야

집 → 집이야

EXAMPLES

나는 오늘 집에서 공부해. I study at home today.

어머니는 집에서 쉬셔.My mother is resting at home now.

여기는 우리 집이야. Here’s my house.

A : 이 사람이 누구야? Who is this?

B : 내 동생이야. It’s my younger brother/sister.

A : 지금 선생님은 어디에 계셔? Where is the teacher?

B : 지금 학교에 계셔. He is at school now.

A :너무 늦었으니까 빨리 집에 ! Come back home because It’s too late.

B : 응,알았어, 지금 갈게. Alright, I will go now.

AV아어

AV았었어

DEFINITION

Low Closing called ‘Banmal [반말]’ is one of the Sentence Closing, which makes your tones of speaking informal and intimate and naturally used only among those who have a close relationship each other. It will be impolite or rude when you use it to people who are not close enough to you. To form this expression, just take ‘요’ away from ‘’았어요/었어요/했어요’ which represents Past tense.

CONJUGATION

In cases of verbs and adjectives

Normal Expression

If verb or adjective ends with ‘ㅏ’ or ‘ㅗ’ + –았어 :                                            

사다 → 샀어

하얗다 → 하앴어 [‘ㅎ’Irregular]

바쁘다 → 바빴어

모르다 → 몰랐어

In all other cases(‘ㅓ’,’ㅜ’,’ㅡ’,’ㅣ’), add ‘-었어 ’ :                                         

입다 → 입었어

덥다 → 더웠어

마시다 →마셨어

예쁘다 → 예뻤어

If verb or adjective ends with ‘하다’, → 했어 :                                          

하다 → 했어

일하다 → 일했어

이상하다 → 이상했어

빨래하다 → 빨래했어

Honorific Expression

** used when the 1st person and the 2nd person who are good to use 반말’,low expression each other talk about someone who they need to use Honorific Expression.

If verb stem ends with a vowel + 셨어  

가다 → 가셨어

오다 → 오셨어

부르다 → 부르셨어

계시다 → 계셨어

If verb stem ends with a consonant + 으셔 

알다 → 아셨어 [‘ㄹ’Irregular]

걷다 → 걸으셨어  [‘ㄷ’Irregular]

짓다 → 지으셨어  [‘ㅅ’Irregular]

찍다 → 찍으셨어

In cases of  이다

If the noun ends with a vowel + –였어 :   

학교 → 학교였어

시계 → 시계였어

김치 → 김치였어

If the noun ends with a consonant + -이었어 :   

학생 → 학생이었어

장갑 → 장갑이었어

집 → 집이었어

EXAMPLES

나는 어제 집에서 텔레비전을 봤어. I watched TV at home yesterday.

아버지는 지난 주에 한국으로 출장을 가셨어.My father went business trip to Korea last week..

A : 그 사람이 누구였어? Who was that?

B : 학교 친구였어. It was my school friend.

A : 선생님은 어제 어디에 계셨어? Where was the teacher yesterday?

B : 학교에 계셨어. He was at school.

AV았었어

V(으)ㄹ거야

DEFINITION

This expression is the Banmal form of A/V – (으)ㄹ 거예요’. It expresses not only the future but also, especially with a Adjective and with verb, speaker’s supposition (guess) based on a personal experience and something seen or heard  that provides a basis for the belief.

CONGUJATION

Normal Expressions 

[Present tense]

If verb &adjends with a vowel + ㄹ :              

가다 → 갈 거야

마시다 → 마실 거야

오다 → 올 거야

쓰다 → 쓸 거야

크다→  클 거야

예쁘다 → 예쁠 거야

If verb &adj ends with a consonant + 을 :              

먹다 → 먹을 거야

읽다 → 읽을 거야

앉다 → 앉을 거야

많다 → 많을 거야

춥다 → 추울 거야 [‘ㅂ’ irregular]

괜찮다 → 괜찮을 거야

[Past tense]

If last vowel with ‘’, ‘’ + 았을 거야

싸다 → 쌌을 거야

좋다 → 좋았을 거야

만나다 → 만났을 거야

모르다 → 몰랐을 거야 [‘르’irregular]

If last vowel with ‘’, ‘’, ‘’, ‘ + 었을 거야 :

쓰다 → 썼을 거야

배우다 → 배웠을 거야

마시다 → 마셨을 거야

시끄럽다 → 시끄러웠을 거야 [‘ㅂ’irregular]

If with ‘하다’ → 했을 거야

공부하다 → 공부했을 거야

수영하다 → 수영했을 거야

복잡하다 → 복잡했을 거야

Honorific Expressions

[Present Tense]

If verb & ends with a vowel + -실 거:

가다 →가실 거야

오다 →  오실 거야

주다 → 주실 거야

드시다 → 드실 거야

기다리다 → 기다리실 거야

If verb ends with a consonant + 으실 거 :

읽다 → 읽으실 거야

앉다 → 앉으실 거야

걷다 → 걸으실 거야 [‘ㄷ’irregular]

알다 → 아실 거야 [‘’ㄹ’irregular]

[Past Tense]

If verb ends with a vowel + –셨을:

가다 →가셨을 거야

오다 →  오셨을 거야

주다 → 주셨을 거야

드시다 → 드셨을거야

기다리다 → 기다리셨을 거야

If verb ends with a consonant + 으셨을 :

읽다 → 읽으실 거야

앉다 → 앉으실 거야

걷다 → 걸으셨을 거야 [‘ㄷ’irregular]

알다 → 아셨을 거야 [‘ㄹ’irregular]

V(으)ㄹ거야1AV(으)ㄹ거야2

V(으)ㄹ게

DEFINITION

It is the Low closing, Banmal of ‘(으)ㄹ게요’,used the same as it, in the first person’s statement to express the speaker’s decision or intention to another person and in fact it is often used when the speaker make a promise to do something with the other person. it also simply denotes speaker’ s will either. however, It cannot be used in a question and the statements expressed by the second and the third person.

CONJUGATION

If the verb stem ends with a vowel + ㄹ게 : 

주다 → 줄게

쓰다 → 쓸게

마시다 → 마실게

공부하다 → 공부할게

If the verb stem ends with a consonant + 을게 : 

먹다 → 먹을게

묻다 → 물을게 [‘ㄷ’Irregular]

돕다 → 도울게 [‘ㅂ’ Irregular]

팔다 → 팔게 [‘ㄹ’Irregular]

V(으)ㄹ게1

** It isn’t used with Honorific Expression since this expression is only used by the 1st person to indicate his or her intention whereas the Honorific used only for someone else’s not the 1st person’s.

**It doesn’t have Formal closing thus when one want to use ‘V-게요’expression in formal way, ‘V-겠습니다’ should be an alternative.

EXAMPLES

A : 담배는 몸에 안 좋아. Smoking is bad for your health.

B ; 알았어 담배 끊을게. Okay, I will quit it.

A : 누가 밥 살 거야? Who is going to treat a meal?

B : 내가 살게. I will.

V(으)ㄹ게2 AV겠어

V지마

DEFINITION

It is a Sentence Endings attached after a verb with Low closing, 반말 used when requesting, indicating or ordering the listener not to do something meaning in English “do not (do)”. It also, is the negative form of ‘V-아/어’ which expresses “Do~’”. It should be careful since it might be very rude in case that one use it to other who are not close enough with the listener.

CONJUGATION

Remove suffix ‘다’ and combine with ‘지 ’ :  

오다 → 오지 마

먹다 → 먹지 마

읽다 → 읽지 마

앉다 → 앉지 마

닦다 → 닦지 마

마시다 → 마시지 마

V지마1V지마2

EXAMPLES

날씨가 추우니까 밖에 나가지 마.  Since it is cold, don’t go outside.

미술관에서는 사진을 찍지 마.  Do not take a photo in the museum.

V자

DEFINITION

It is a Sentence Endings attached after a verb with Low closing, 반말used when suggesting someone to do something together.It should be careful since it might be very rude in case that one use it to other who are not close enough with the listener. Thus, when one need to suggest or recommend someone to do, ‘V-(으)ㄹ까요?’ sounds more considerate and make you a prudent person.

CONJUGATION

Remove suffix ‘다’ and combine with ‘ 자’   

가다 → 가자

오다 → 오자

마시다 → 마시자

먹다 → 먹자

읽다 → 읽자

앉다 → 앉자

닦다 → 닦자

 V자

EXAMPLES

점심 먹으러 가자. Let’s go to have lunch.

A : 우리 같이 한국에 여행 가자. Let’s go to Korea together.

B : 그럴까. That will be nice.

V지말자

DEFINITION

It is a Sentence Endings attached after a verb with Low closing, 반말used when suggesting someone notto do something together.It should be careful since it might be very rude in case that one use it to other who are not close enough with the listener. Thus, when one need to suggest or recommend someone to do, ‘V-지말까요?’ sounds more considerate and make you a prudent person.

V지말자

EXAMPLES

이거 너무 매우니까 먹지 말자. Let’s not eat because it looks quite spicy.

이 영화 재미없으니까 보지 말자. Let’s not see it since the movie is not interesting.

V(으)ㄴN

DEFINITION

The Noun Modifier has its tenses so that it should change its shape by the tense in the sentence.  Thisis one of Noun Modifier by using Verb for describing something happened in the past.  ’–(으) ㄴ’ is added to the verb stem and place it before the noun which need the additional information.

CONJUGATION

If verb or adjective and with a vowel + -ㄴ:   

가다   간

오다   온

주다   준

기다리다  기다린

If verb or adjective ends with a consonant + -은:   

먹다  먹은

읽다  읽은

앉다  앉은

찍다  찍은

V(으)ㄴ

EXAMPLES

어제 읽은 책은 너무 어려웠어요. The book I read yesterday was really difficult.

어제 배운 단어를 모두 외워야 돼요. You should memorize all the vocabularies that you learned yesterday.

A : 어제 영화 어땠어요? How was the movie that you saw yesterday?

B : 정말 따분했어요. It was really boring.

V(으)ㄹN

DEFINITION

The Noun Modifier has its tenses so that it should change its shape by the tense in the sentence.  Thisis one of Noun Modifier by using Verb for describing something happened in the future.  ’–(으) ㄹ’ is added to the verb stem and place it before the noun which need the additional information.

CONJUGATION

If verb or adjective ends with a vowel + -ㄹ:   

가다   갈

오다   올

주다   줄

기다리다  기다릴

If verb or adjective ends with a consonant + -을:   

먹다  먹을

읽다  읽을

앉다  앉을

찍다  찍을

V(으)ㄹ

EXAMPLES

내일 공부할 책을 읽고 있어요. I am reading a book that I will study tomorrow.

이번 주 토요일 파티에 참가할 사람들은 미리 연락을 주세요. Please someone who will participate the Saturday party contact me in advance.

V(으)ㄹ2

HOMEWORK

Create 3 sentences using , ‘A/V-/[BANMAL].

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Create 3 sentences using, ‘A/V-았어/었어[BANMAL].

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Create 2 sentences using, ‘N-()/N-이었/였어[BANMAL].

N-()     ____________________________________________________________ .

N-이었/였어____________________________________________________________ .

Create 3 sentences using,‘V-()ㄹ게[BANMAL].

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Create 3 sentences using,‘A/V-()ㄹ 거야/[BANMAL].

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Create a sentence using ‘V-지 마’[BANMAL].

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Create a sentence using ‘V-’ [BANMAL].

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Create a sentence using ‘V-지 말자’ [BANMAL].

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Create a sentence using ‘V-(으)N’.

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Create a sentence using ‘V-()N.

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Vocabulary Practice : https://app.box.com/s/uhyo97ahhulxxhf8h0l0

A/V-/ : https://app.box.com/s/2ne6k9hafd4gqm4geadw

A/V-았어/었어 : https://app.box.com/s/wx2ktwgdtwq1v4cw85bl

V-()ㄹ게 : https://app.box.com/s/xnubfgxney2zqco1ltub

A/V-()ㄹ 거야 : https://app.box.com/s/vb64jilm9446575i8ip0

V-지 마 : https://app.box.com/s/5nzjmrknuutmtjmpfmrr

V- : https://app.box.com/s/89ndm9qqwjk7y5tafn7s

V-지 말자 : https://app.box.com/s/3imia9u8khdzolri3s82

V-(으)N : https://app.box.com/s/4rzn31g21mw3o11a6skx

V-()N : https://app.box.com/s/9pgaamsunt41q802ij5m

StudyBookListening: https://app.box.com/s/dup0db44fiovky6tlf55

WorkBookListening: https://app.box.com/s/32am9ok9atfn81wi35iz

 

 

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