UNIT 6 OF LEVEL 3B

VOCABULARY3B-U6-VACA

AV네요

DEFINITION

It is one of the Sentence Endings to express the new fact with surprise or wonder that the speaker has just found. Additionally it describes the agreement with something said by someone else.

CONJUGATION

Past Tense 

Remove suffix ‘다’ and combine with ‘-네요’  

가다 →  가네요

오다 → 오네요

마시다 → 마시네요

먹다 → 먹네요

읽다 → 읽네요

예쁘다 → 예쁘네요

맵다 →  맵네요

있다  → 있네요

Past Tense 

If verb or adjective ends with ‘ㅏ’ or ‘ㅗ’ + -았네요 :  

사다 → 샀네요

타다 → 탔네요

싸다 → 쌌네요

좋다 →좋았네요

In all other cases(‘ㅓ’,’ㅜ’,’ㅡ’,’ㅣ’), add –었네요 :   

입다 → 입었네요

덥다 → 더웠네요 [‘ㅂ’ irregular]

마시다 → 마셨네요

예쁘다 → 예뻤네요 [‘ㅡ’ irregular]

If verb or adjective ends with ‘하다’, ‘하다 → 했네요

하다 → 했네요

일하다 → 일했네요

운동하다 → 운동했네요

빨래하다 → 빨래했네요.

AV네요

EXAMPLES

와! 눈이 오네요. Wow, It’s snowing!

어제 눈이 많이 왔네요.It snowed a lot yesterday.

모자가 아주 예쁘네요. your hat is just pretty.

A : 어제 이 옷을 샀어요. I bought this clothes yesterday.

B  : 아주 예쁘네요. It’s very pretty, indeed.

A아어지다

DEFINITION

It is one of the Sentence Endings attached after adjectives to express changes. It is similar to ‘to become + adjective’ or ‘to turn+ adjective’ in English. This expression is only combined with an adjective thus, when one need to describe changes of states or situations with verbs, ‘V-게 되다’should be used. Since this expression describes what has changed before now, it ends generally past tense ‘아/어졌다’.

CONJUGATION

If Adjective vowel ends with ‘ㅏ’ or ‘ㅗ’ + -아지다 :   

싸다 → 싸지다

작다 → 작아지다

많다 → 많아지다

바쁘다 → 바빠지다

배고프다  → 배고파지다

In all other cases(‘ㅓ’,’ㅜ’,’ㅡ’,’ㅣ’), add ‘-어지다 ’ :   

맵다 → 매워지다 [‘ㅂ’ irregular]

춥다 → 추워지다  [‘ㅂ’ irregular]

예쁘다 → 예뻐지다 [‘ㅡ’ irregular]

힘들다 → 힘들어지다

멋있다 → 멋있어지다

If Adjective vowel ends with ‘하다’ → 해지다 :   

복잡하다 → 복잡해지다

깨끗하다 → 깨끗해지다

조용하다 → 조용해지다

쌀쌀하다 → 쌀쌀해지다

시원하다 → 시원해지다

A아어지다1

EXAMPLES

그 백화점에 사람이 많아졌어요.  The numbers of visitors have become increased in the department store.

날씨가 따뜻해지면 공원에 갈 거예요. I will go to the park when it gets warmer.

A : 요즘 한국어 공부가 어때? How’s your studying Korean these days?

B : 아주 재미있어졌어요. It has become more interesting.

A아어지다2

A게되다

DEFINITION

It is one of the Sentence Endings attached after verb to express changes when the change is not by speaker’s will or intention but by the action of other person or external condition or circumstance make him or her do it anyway. Also, it sometimes expresses changes as well as‘A-아/어지다’.

CONJUGATION

Remove suffix ‘다’ and combine with ‘게 되다’  

가다 → 가게 되다

오다 → 오게 되다

먹다 → 먹게 되다

읽다 → 읽게 되다

앉다 → 앉게 되다

닦다 → 닦게 되다

마시다 → 마시게 되다

V게되다

EXAMPLES

처음에는 김치를 못 먹었지만 지금은 좋아하게 됐어. I couldn’t eat Kimchi at first, but I got to like it.

열심히 연습하면 잘하게 될 거예요. You’ll do well if you practice hard.

A : 어떻게 그 사람을 알게 됐어요? How did you become acquainted with the person?

B : 친구가 소개해서 알게 됐어요. My friend introduced the person to me.

제일

DEFINITION

It is an Adverb expressing superlatives like the bestorthe most. It’s attached before adjectives and shows that it’s the most or the best. Also, ‘가장’can be used as the same meaning.

제일AV(으)ㄹ까요

DEFINITION

‘A/V–(으)ㄹ까요?’ is one of Sentence Endings attached after adjectives or verbs and is used to suppositively ask about listener’s opinion or preference. The supposition about in something uses ‘A-(으)ㄹ까요?’ and about something happened in the past uses ‘A/V-았/었을까요?’.

CONJUGATION

About something in the future

If verb or adjectiveends with a vowel +ㄹ까요

보다→볼까요

싸다→쌀까요

만나다 →만날까요

예쁘다→예쁠까요

편하다→편할까요

If verb or adjectiveends with a consonant + 을까요

작다→작을까요

닫다→닫을까요

앉다 →앉을까요

낮다→낮을까요

좋다→좋을까요

About something happened in the past

If verb or adjective ends with ‘ㅏ’ or ‘ㅗ’ + –았을까요   

보다→봤을까요

싸다→쌌을까요

만나다 →만났을까요

In all other cases (‘ㅓ’,’ㅜ’,’ㅡ’,’ㅣ’), add –었울까요   

예쁘다 → 예뻤을까요[‘ㅡ’ irregular]

힘들다 → 힘들었을까요

열다 → 열었을까요

If verb or adjective ends with ‘하다’했을까요

깨끗하다 → 깨끗했을까요

조용하다 → 조용했을까요

회의하다 → 회의했을까요

AV(으)ㄹ까요

* As for answering to this pattern, ‘A/V-(으)ㄹ 거예요 ‘or A/V-(으)ㄴ/는 것 같아요’ can be used since this sentence ending is a form of question.

EXAMPLES

내일회사 가는 길이 복잡할까요?Do you think the way to go to my company is jammed?

어제 일이 힘들었을까요? Do you think it was hard to work yesterday?

A : 다음 달에 애니 씨가 한국에 올까요? Do you think Annie will come tomorrow.

B :아마 올 거에요. I guess so.

AV(으)ㄹ거예요

DEFINITION

Itis Sentence Ending,attached after verbs and adjectives, which indicates the speaker’s reasonable guess from his or hers personal experience or something to be seen or heard from trustworthy sources such as books or news. Its formal closing equivalent with this expression is ‘(으) ㄹ 것 입니다’.

CONJUGATION

Supposition about present or future situation

If verb & adjective ends with a vowel + ㄹ예요 :              

가다 → 갈 거예요

마시다 → 마실 거예요

오다 → 올 거예요

쓰다 → 쓸 거예요

크다→  클 거예요

예쁘다 → 예쁠 거예요

If verb &adjective ends with a consonant

+ 을예요 :              

먹다 → 먹을 거예요

읽다 → 읽을 거예요

앉다 → 앉을 거예요

많다 → 많을 거예요

춥다  → 추울 거예요 [‘ㅂ’ irregular]

괜찮다 → 괜찮을 거예요

Supposition about past situation

‘If last vowel with ‘’, ‘’ + 았을 거예요 : 

싸다 → 쌌을 거예요

좋다 → 좋았을 거예요

만나다 → 만났을 거예요

모르다 → 몰랐을 거예요 [‘르’irregular]

If last vowel with ‘’, ‘’, ‘’, ‘ + 었을 거예요 :

쓰다 → 썼을 거예요

배우다 → 배웠을 거예요

마시다 → 마셨을 거예요

시끄럽다 → 시끄러웠을 거예요 [‘ㅂ’irregular]

If with ‘하다’ → 했을 거예요

공부하다 → 공부했을 거예요

수영하다 → 수영했을 거예요

복잡하다 → 복잡했을 거예요

AV(으)ㄹ 거예요

EXAMPLES

Present Tense

열두 시쯤에 수업에 끝날 거예요.  I think the class might be over around 12 o’clock.

주말에는아마 집에서 거예요.  I think that I will rest at home this weekend.

A : 내일 날씨가 어떨까?  What do you think about the weather tomorrow?

B : 아마 괜찮을 거예요.  I guess that it’s alright.

Past Tense

애니는 한국으로 여행갔을 거예요. Annie probably has gone to Korean for trip.

어제 길이 많이 복잡했을 거예요.  The road might have jammed very much yesterday.

A :애니 씨는 아직 회사에 있을까요?  Do you think Annie is still in the office?

B : 아니요, 벌써 퇴근했을 거예요.  I don’t think so. She might have left office already.

AV(으)ㄹ거에요2

*   When it comes to Intention of someone, ‘겠다’will be applied only by 1st person.

**   A/V-겠다 is a supposition based on speaker’s direct perceptionhowever,A/V-(으)ㄹ 것이다is a supposition derived from the information acquired by other sources not by his or her own judgment.

HOMEWORK

Create 3 sentences using , ‘A/V-네요’.

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

Create 3 sentences using, ‘A-/어지다’.

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

Create 3 sentences using,‘V-게 되다’.

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

Create 3 sentences using,제일[가장]+Adjective’.

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

Create a sentence using, ‘A/V-()ㄹ까요?’.

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

Create a sentence using, ‘A/V-()ㄹ 거예요’.

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

____________________________________________________________ .

 

Vocabulary Practice : https://app.box.com/s/kh24j1f5rouwiq27644u

A/V-네요 :https://app.box.com/s/ym1kw838aew0crvg7yld

A-/어지다 :https://app.box.com/s/jkrtcqi41iisj0b53n9z

V-게 되다 :https://app.box.com/s/wfdiq9p0sf1zol7mrgef

A/V-()ㄹ까요?:https://app.box.com/s/jug3yma2poc04382b438

A/V-()ㄹ 거예요 :https://app.box.com/s/lp7mnem6cnp94o8vzbl5

StudyBookListening: https://app.box.com/s/o9ussnenrm236x4vjrl7

WorkBookListening: https://app.box.com/s/42r5oxh3tpbp0duediz7

 

8

 

 

Join the discussion